Steelhead, an ocean-going trout, may be able to return to historic spawning grounds in the upper Pinole Creek Watershed and increase their numbers in coming years. Steps are being taken to modify a fish barrier on Pinole Creek identified several years ago by fisheries biologists. This 320 foot long double-box culvert under Highway I-80 (photo to right) limits the water depth and impacts the flow rate of Pinole Creek to a point where steelhead can’t swim through it most years.
In 2009, the Contra Costa Resource Conservation District (RCD), in partnership with the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD), completed Steelhead Habitat Assessments and spawning surveys on Pinole Creek through funding from the Contra Costa County Fish and Wildlife Committee. These assessments were the first step in our goal to construct fish passage improvements at the I-80 culverts, the only major barrier for steelhead in reaching good spawning habitat upstream. The biologists reported that all survey parameters in Lower Pinole Creek were within a range suitable for steelhead and that this stream contains extensive pool habitat, as well. This suggests that the lower part of Pinole Creek has the potential to support steelhead if the passage issues at the I-80 culvert are remedied. These habitat assessments are posted on the RCD website at www.ccrcd.org
Fish Migration Barrier
Photo of box culvert prior to construction of fish passage. At low flows, there was insufficient depth to allow passage. High flows prevented fish from passing through.Downstream view of fish passage at low water
A trench was constructed to provide sufficient water depoth during low flows.
Baffles were added in the trench to provide hydrolic resting spaces for migrating fish at high flows.
January, 2017. High flows